What Are Advanced Custom Fields (ACF) in WordPress and What Do I Need Them For?

Michael Hörnlimann Last updated 21.10.2020
6 Min.
advanced custom fields wordpress
Last updated 21.10.2020

"You don't know about Advanced Custom Fields? Without ACF, I definitely wouldn't be using WordPress anymore." That's the message a colleague sent to me over Slack a few weeks ago. He's a developer and I'm a designer. I realized at this point ACF is something I wanted to - and needed to - know more about!

What are Advanced Custom Fields?

WordPress itself already offers a wide range of functions. Advanced Custom Fields allows you to extend these functions much further and even for free in the standard version. They give you full control over the content of your website.

In the WordPress backend, we can find generic fields for posts and pages including title, content, date, and author. Advanced Custom Fields, or the plugin mentioned below, allow you to fully customize and adapt your WordPress posts and pages and thus the content of your site.

This makes almost anything possible with WordPress - Advanced Custom Fields is basically tuning for WordPress.

What do I need Advanced Custom Fields for anyway?

In a nutshell: You'll probably need Advanced Custom Fields when the basic elements in the WordPress backend aren't enough for what you're trying to do. Perhaps you're faced with a challenge that can only be solved partially, or not at all, with posts and pages.

Depending on your customer's requirements, such a situation could easily come up. If you're a web designer, you may have already encountered such issues yourself.

In my case, for example, I needed to build a search function with filters. This wasn't just a simple text search that looks for any matching content on the entire site, but a search in which specific data can be entered via a form. The user should have various filters available to choose from. It was supposed to include, among others, the following:

  • Name (text field)
  • Postcode (text field)
  • Country (drop down)
  • Certificates (checkbox)

We'll come back to this search function later. This is what made me consider using Advanced Custom Fields (ACF) for this case. It's simply not possible to create such a search function with the basic elements included in WordPress without ACF.

Advanced Custom Fields: The free plugin

So I started looking for a way I could create this filter search using Advanced Custom Fields.

The eponymous Plugin in the official WordPress -Plugin- directory comes from Elliot Condon. The Australian works very actively on it and develops it constantly, so that new functions appear again and again. If you want to be close to the action, you can follow ACF on Twitter.

If you've already taken the plunge and use the block editor (Gutenberg) in WordPress 5.0 onwards, there are also Advanced Custom Fields blocks for the new editor.

The ACF plugin is currently active on well over one million websites. It's been tested extensively and works perfectly with the latest WordPress versions. The plugin has already received an impressive 1,000+ 5-star ratings. This compares to a measly 16 1-star reviews - most likely from users who gave up after a (very) short time.

You do need to have patience with plugins of this kind and spend some time learning how they work. Of course, I've also only scratched the surface of what's possible with Advanced Custom Fields. While there are plugins that you install and they then run by themselves in the background, I want to emphasize that ACF doesn't belong to that category. You have to actively participate in shaping what you're doing and recognize the overall connection between database, backend, and frontend.

Another crucial part of this rather technical plugin is the support.

I have not had to use this yet myself. The reason is simple: The first-class documentation, which covers field types, functions, filters and FAQ.

What are custom post types?

I mentioned earlier that you need to be active in shaping your work with ACF. This also means that in certain cases ACF on its own won't be of much use to you. Sometimes, you'll need to use it in combination with Custom Post Types to get more options.

The first question is: What is a (normal) post type?

The two best-known post types in WordPress are pages and (blog) posts. You decide which post type is the most appropriate for every new piece of content for your site. This decision depends on various factors, including how the information should be displayed and which fields you need in the backend.

But what happens if you want to publish content that a normal page or post can't manage?

You might already have a clue: You need a new way to add content to the backend. A kind of input mask with exactly the fields you need. This is what Advanced Custom Fields offers you. The plugin with the same name mentioned above allows you to define and create these fields comfortably in the backend. Once this structure is in place, you can move on to the next step.

advanced custom fields own fields
You can easily define fields in the backend of the ACF plugin.

This is when Custom Post Types come into play. It is very important to know that it makes sense to create a custom post type for the use of Advanced Custom Fields . In my case, I call the Custom Post Type (CPT) simply therapist.

You could always program the Custom Post Type yourself. But I used to the plugin "Custom Post Type UI" instead and I'll explain more about it in the next section.

custom post type creation
Backend of the "Custom Post Type UI" plugin.

Custom Post Type UI: Free Plugin, the second one

If Advanced Custom Fields (ACF) weren't enough wizardry for you so far, we've got something else up our sleeve: ACF in combination with Custom Post Type UI, short CPT UI.

This allows you to display database content directly in the frontend as desired. In my case, I faced the challenge of trying to build a filter search with different fields. So I first had to upload all data to the backend using a CSV import.

After the import, I used Custom Post Type and Advanced Custom Fields for the basis of my filter search in the frontend. More about this in the next section.

custom post type acf combination
This is an example of what your new Custom Post Type could look like.

Practical example: Building a search with filter

Let's leave the backend behind us for now. Now it's on to the frontend so you're able to use the individual Advanced Custom Fields for yourself.

I used ACF to build a customized search with filters. But how can we present the content from the backend elegantly in the frontend to allow user interaction?

Here you can also choose between developing it yourself or using a plugin. I spent a long time looking for a good tool and came across "Search & Filter Pro" (linked at the end of the article).

Now I have an ingenious way to use the data available in the backend for the display in the frontend. In my example, these are:

  • Search (normal search field)
  • Post Meta (access and search for the respective Advanced Custom Field in the database)
  • Submit button (button for submitting the search query or form)

It could look like this in the backend:

search and filter pro backend
The plugin "Search & Filter Pro" allows you to create a customized search with filters.

Then you can use shortcodes to insert the filter search at any place in the backend (for example on a page).

You'll soon notice, however, that this isn't particularly appealing visually. I made some improvements with CSS and I think the result in the frontend is quite good:

practical example acf

Further useful links

I'm excited to see what else I get to implement with Advanced Custom Fields in the future. Do you have any questions or comments about this article? If so, I'm happy to receive lots of feedback.

Image: Shane Aldendorff | Unsplash

Michael Hörnlimann, born 1991 in Zurich, loves nature and good food. Since April 2018 he has been working exclusively independently and creating WordPress websites on behalf of clients. He combines his work with his great passion, travelling to foreign countries and cultures. Michael lives and works wherever he is, sometimes in the mountains, sometimes by the sea.

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